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Effects of endosulfan, thiamethoxam, and indoxacarb in combination with

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dc.contributor.author Demirci, O
dc.contributor.author Guven, K
dc.contributor.author Asma, D
dc.contributor.author Ogut, S
dc.contributor.author Ugurlu, P
dc.date.accessioned 2022-08-08T08:35:42Z
dc.date.available 2022-08-08T08:35:42Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11616/60142
dc.description.abstract Studies addressing the toxicity of pesticides towards non-target organisms focus on the median lethal concentration and biochemical response of individual pesticides. However, when determining environmental risks, it is important to test the combined effects of pesticides, such as insecticides and herbicides, which are frequently used together in agricultural areas. Here we aimed to investigate the toxic effects of the combined use of the herbicide atrazine and the insecticides, endosulfan, indoxacarb, and thiamethoxam on Gammarus kischineffensis. To do this, we tested the activities of oxidative stress, detoxification, and neurotoxicity biomarkers. Compared to atrazine alone, we detected higher glutathione-S-transferase, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities (oxidative stress biomarkers) when atrazine was combined with either endosulfan or indoxacarb. However, higher IBR values were determined in organisms where pesticide mixtures were used according to individual use. Based on these results, mixtures of atrazine and other pesticides may cause synergistic effects and may be evidence of increased toxicity and oxidative stress.
dc.description.abstract C1 [Demirci, Ozlem] Dicle Univ, Dept Biol, Sci Fac, TR-21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey.
dc.description.abstract [Guven, Kemal] Dicle Univ, Dept Mol Biol & Genet, Sci Fac, TR-21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey.
dc.description.abstract [Asma, Dilek] Inonu Univ, Dept Biol, Sci Fac, TR-21280 Malatya, Turkey.
dc.description.abstract [Ogut, Serdal] Adnan Menderes Univ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Sch Hlth, TR-09100 Aydin, Turkey.
dc.description.abstract [Ugurlu, Pelin] Dicle Univ, Sci & Technol Applicat & Res Ctr, TR-21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey.
dc.title Effects of endosulfan, thiamethoxam, and indoxacarb in combination with
dc.title atrazine on multi-biomarkers in Gammarus kischineffensis

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